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法治皇权唯法独尊

唵·心存宇宙生生不息演化唯法独尊物质不灭哈哈哈……

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【转载】中英文对照 从哲学的角度看宇宙(一)  

2017-04-02 09:32:02|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中文版《从哲学的角度看宇宙》http://qq405792576.blog.163.com/blog/static/132214297201001821245575/
 

导       读

Introduction

  30多年前的两句心语:“上帝不会独怜某时点”、“时缓充其量是瘸腿理论”,终于在‘09.2将它形成文字并发在网上。本文作者是科盲,科盲也可以凭哲、数原理来谈论一些大的科学命题,理由是,虽然哲学代替不了物理学,但是,物理学上的一些结论也不能违背哲、数原理。所以,本文试着避开令人目眩的数学运算,而从哲学的角度来探讨宇宙论和相对论。提示:命题按能否用实验来验证分类,可分为三类:1、可用实验来验证的;2、仅可用理想实验法来验证的;3、不能用实验来验证甚至不能用理想实验法来验证的,如,上世纪有人提出并被科学界采用的毛粒子、最高温度和官方提出的人类永存等……,本文要点:

Two sentences in more than three decades: “God can’t sympathize with certain point” and “Time slowing is the lame theory at best” have been written on the website in February 2009. Although I am of science-blindness, I could still discuss some major scientific propositions by virtue of philosophy and mathematics theories. Philosophy could not replace physics, but some conclusions of physics could not go against the principles of philosophy and mathematics. Therefore, this article will attempt to avoid the mathematical calculations, and thus discuss the cosmology and relativity. Tips: Proposition is classified by whether it can be testified with experiment, and it is classified into three categories: 1. those can be testified with experiment; 2. those can only be testified with ideal experiment method; 3. those cannot be testified with experiment or even ideal experiment method, such as Maons, the highest temperature and other theories that proposed in last century and accepted by scientific community. .....Key points of this article include:

一、朋友:您早已生过和死过无数次了,并且还会无数次地来到人间,重复着今生的故事。

I. dear friends: you have experienced numerous times of birth and death, and will return the mortal world in the future to repeat the stories of this life.

二、宇宙间的第一法则是极(有)限法则。宇宙大爆炸起源于一点,此“一点”的体积为N立方公里。“一点”中的物质形态为第七物质形态。宇宙膨胀至极,则,出现第八形态物质。

II. The first law in the universe is the Extreme (Finite) Law. The Big Bang comes from one point, and such “point” is of N km?. The matter form of the “point” is the Seventh Matter Form. The universe expends to the extreme and hence the Eighth Matter Form comes out.

三、相对论已获得巨大的成功,且我们注意到有“已测出放在飞船中的原子钟较常态下慢了N毫秒”的所谓事实,那本文为何不赞成所谓的“孪子佯谬”?为什么称爱氏笔下的亚光速飞船中的人为怪物?宇宙内的智慧生命必须同时具备哪两个条件?为什么说美国寻智慧生命之举,实质上已否定了“孪子佯谬”?所谓时间变缓理论充其量是个瘸腿理论甚至连瘸腿理论也谈不上,退一步讲,即便有时间变缓这回事,且时间变缓对生命体也成立的话,本文也给出了限度,而非爱氏描述的那么长。

III. Relativity has got great achievement, and we have noticed the fact that “atomic clock in the space ship is N millionseconds slower than the normal state”. Thus, why not support so-called “twin paradox” in this article? Why do we call the human being in the spaceship of sub-light speed written by Einstein monster? What are the two conditions for wise life in the universe? Why do we say that the act of America’s pursuit of wise life has denied the “twin paradox”? So-called time slowing theory is the lame theory at best or far from it. To say the least, even time slowing exists, or it is true to life entity, this article will give the limitation for it but not the case described by Einstein.

本文首創的“生命的時間律”將指導科學家尋找外星生命和宇航。


Time Law for Life pioneered by this paper can be used to guide scientists’ search for extraterrestrial life and aerospace.

四、作星际飞行需数代人渐进式入太空,待生活方式与骨骼等都发生了变化,并作好充分准备(如,配备心理医生)才能作星际飞行。物理学家在叙述理论时是不需要考虑什么人性化的,但在讲述所谓的“孪子佯谬”时却是一个例外。

IV. as for interstellar flight, it will be realized when generations of human beings have entered into the space, their life style, bones and others have changed, and full preparation has been made (such as psychologist is accompanied). Physicists will not consider the humanized conditions in the description of theory, but “twin paradox” is an exception.

五、本文述及时间变缓对爆炸理论、材料力学及地质学产生的影响。

V. this article will discuss the impact of time slowing to Big Bang theory, mechanics of materials and geology.

六、本文恢复了被爱氏否定了的独立时空大舞台。本文叙述了相对时间与绝对时间的关系。本文论述了GPS系统的自洽性。

VI. this article has recovered the stage of independent time and space denied by Einstein, and discussed the relation between relative time and absolute time. However, the description on GPS is not proper, and perhaps should be canceled. This article talks about the self-consistency of GPS system.

 七、本文叙述了广义上物质。                                                                   

  VII. this article discussed the matter in general.

 

从哲学的角度看宇宙  View the universe from the perspective of philosophy

一、与哲、数原理相冲的宇宙理论应自动让位

I. cosmic theory opposed to philosophy and mathematics theories shall automatically quit

(一)哲学、数学与物理学。

(i.) Philosophy, mathematics and physics

有报导说,“好多现代科学家在遇到一些解决不了的问题时,都到中国古代哲学中寻求帮助。尽管中国古代哲学中不能提供现成的答案,但却能供解决问题的思路。”在《哲学》课本的扉页上也赫然地写着:“哲学是为人们提供世界观和方法论的一门科学。”如果哲学不能为人们提供世界观和方法论,则,开设这门课就没有意义。哲学是数学和物理学产生的基础,物理学上对“宏(微)观世界是否无限”这样基础性的命题定性靠哲学。数学是物理学的工具和基础。物理学理论不得与哲学原理和数学理论相冲。

According to some report, “when many modern scientists are confronted with unsolved problems, they often seek help from Chinese ancient philosophy which could provide thought of solving problems not the solution to problems.” In title page of Philosophy, it is writing: “philosophy is a kind of science to provide world outlook and methodology for human being.” If not, the course of philosophy has no sense. Philosophy is the foundation for occurrence of mathematics and physics, and in physics, some fundamental propositions including “whether macro (micro) world is infinite” are relied on philosophy. Mathematics is the tool and foundation of physics, therefore, physics theories could not conflict with principles of philosophy and mathematics.

(二) 当代宇宙论的一些观点。

(ii.) Some views of universe theory

1、前苏联数学家弗利德曼,应用不加宇宙项的场方程,得到一个膨胀的、或脉动的宇宙模型。弗利德曼宇宙在三维空间上也是均匀、各向同性的,但是,它不是静态的。这个宇宙模型随时间变化,分三种情况。第一种情况,三维空间的曲率是负的;第二种情况,三维空间的曲率为零,也就是说,三维空间是平直的;第三种情况,三维空间的曲率是正的。前两种情况,宇宙不停地膨胀;第三种情况,宇宙先膨胀,达到一个极大值后开始收缩,然后再膨胀,再收缩……因此第三种宇宙是脉动的。

1. A.A.Friedmann of former Soviet Union, the mathematician, applies a filed equation of cosmological term, so as to get the inflated and pulsant universal model. Friedmann’s universe model is isotropous and even, but not static. Such universe model changes with time and can be divided into three conditions: first, curvature of three-dimensional space is negative; second, the curvature of three-dimensional space is zero; third, the curvature of three-dimensional space is positive. The two former conditions, the universe continues to swell ceaselessly; the third condition, at the beginning, the universe swells, and then starts to shrink when reaching the maximum value, and then swell, shrink… thus, the third condition is pulsant.

2、霍金等:最近10年的观测已经确认宇宙的年龄为137亿年。我们生活其中的宇宙是开放的、并永远膨胀下去。不仅如此,其膨胀率正在不断增大。也就是说,宇宙的膨胀不仅没有因物质的万有引力而减缓,反而由于在宇宙中存在某种暗能量而加速。……宇宙常数今日以暗能量的面目出现在世人面前,它所产生的汹涌澎湃的排斥力已令整个宇宙为之变色!暗能量和引力之间的角力战自宇宙诞生起就没有停止过,在这场漫长的战斗中,最举足轻重的就是彼此的密度。物质的密度随着宇宙膨胀导致的空间增大而递减;但暗能量的密度在宇宙膨胀时,变化得非常缓慢,或者根本保持不变。在很久以前,物质的密度是较大的,因此那时的宇宙是处于减速膨胀的阶段;现今的暗能量密度已经大于物质的密度,排斥力已经从引力手中彻底夺得了控制权,以前所未有的速度推动宇宙膨胀。根据一些科学家的预测,再过200多亿年,宇宙将迎来动荡的末日,恐怖的暗能量终将把所有的星系、恒星、行星一一撕裂,宇宙将只剩下没有尽头的寒冷、黑暗……

2. Hawking and others: in the recent ten years, the age of universe is 13.7 billion years old according to observation, and it will continue to swell. Furthermore, its swelling rate is becoming larger. That is to say, the swell of universe has not only slowed because of universal gravitation of matters, but also increased because of dark energy. Cosmic constant appears as the dark energy, and the repulsive force caused will shock the whole universe! The conflict between dark energy and gravitation has never stopped since the birth of universe, and during the long conflict, the most important is their density. The density of matters will reduce with the increase of space because of universal swelling; but density of dark energy will change slowly or remain stable during universal swelling. Long time ago, the density of matters was very large, and the universe was during the swelling of speed reduction; at present, the density of dark energy has been larger than that of matters, and repulsive force has got the controlling power from the gravity, so as to push the universal swelling by the unprecedented speed. According to prediction of scientists, the universe will come to an end in more than 20 billion years, and horrible dark energy will split all the galaxies, stars and planets, so as to only have the endless coldness ad darkness.  

(三)当代宇宙论的瑕疵。上述弗利德曼观点中唯有“第三种情况,宇宙先膨胀,达到一个极大值后开始收缩,然后再膨胀,再收缩……因此第三种宇宙是脉动的。”不与哲学原理相悖,与我意同。霍金等的:“我们生活其中的宇宙是开放的、并永远膨胀下去。恐怖的暗能量终将把所有的星系、恒星、行星一一撕裂,宇宙将只剩下没有尽头的寒冷、黑暗……”这吓人吓己的言论,完全不符合哲、数原理,是现有知识产生的障碍。 

(iii.) Some flaws of current cosmic theory. For the views of Friedmann, “the third condition, at the beginning, the universe swells, and then starts to shrink when reaching the maximum value, and then swell, shrink… thus, the third condition is pulsant”. It is not opposed to theory of philosophy. Hawking and others: our universe is open and will continue to swell forever. Horrible dark energy will split all the galaxies, stars and planets, so as to have the endless coldness ad darkness.” The scary words are completely out of theories of philosophy and mathematics and are the obstacles for existing knowledge.

(四)我的宇宙论(原载网易“大隐于网易博客的民间科学家们”栏目):

(iv.) My cosmic theory (originally written in “folk scientists hidden in NetEase blog”)

本文作者是一个科盲,同时又是一个浅薄的人,在此谈一些大的科学命题,供大家一乐。既是科盲,又凭什么来谈科学?我们认为,可凭哲学原理(其中包括逻辑学)来谈一些科学命题,甚至还可以像爱因斯坦所说的那样:“运用想象来思考物理学上的一些问题并得出结论,因为想象并不需要知识!”,例如,中学《物理学》课本上在谈到温度时,称“绝对零度”是宇宙间最低的温度,并称宇宙里既有最低温度,那么,宇宙里就应该有最高温度!“宇宙里就应该有最高温度”这一结论(命题)就是凭哲学原理(其中包括逻辑学)来谈论温度并得出的结论——它并未证明“宇宙里有最高温度”这一科学命题。—— “最高温度”高到多少?科学家也不知!却不妨碍科学家作出结论。下面,比照着物理学家谈温度,试着谈论一些大命题。

I am a person of science-blindness, and also a shallow one. Discussion of such major scientific proposition is for public enjoyment. As I am a person of science-blindness, why should I talk about science? We believe we could use principle of philosophy (including logics) to discuss scientific propositions. We could even “apply imagination to the physical problems and get the conclusion as the imagination does not need knowledge” like Einstein. For example, as for the temperature in Physics of the middle school, it says that the “absolute zero” is the lowest temperature in the universe, and also says that it should also have the highest temperature compared to the lowest temperature!” The conclusion that “it should also have the highest temperature” is reached by virtue of principles of philosophy (including logics)—but it does not prove the scientific proposition that “it has the highest temperature in the universe”—“how high is the temperature”? The scientists do not know that either. But it does not prevent scientists from reaching the conclusion. As the scientists talk about the temperature, try to discuss major propositions.

 “宇宙有前世”论不是本文首先披露的,本文对“宇宙有前世”论的推论是:在历史上、宇宙内曾经存在过的和正存在的事物,它必定已诞生和灭亡过无数次!并且还会将无数次地重复着故事。本文对推论的阐述或推理如下:

The theory that “the universe has the previous life” is not put forward first in this article and this article gets the deduction from that conclusion: in the history, the matters existed and existing in the universe must have experienced many times of birth and death! And it will repeat life story for numerous times. The description or introduction of the deduction is as follows:

近来,《广州日报》曾载文认为:“宇宙曾有前世”,这篇文章本文作者未细看,但对此文的立论和所阐明的道理,与本文是“英雄所见略同”!一些文章(包括“宇宙曾有前世”这篇文章)认为:当前的宇宙诞生于150亿年前的大爆炸。当今的宇宙从大爆炸时的一点开始正在膨胀,当膨胀到一定的程度时,宇宙将重新退缩成一点,[当然,也有人认为宇宙将无限地膨胀下去,不过,本文并不支持这种观点,认为它有悖于哲学原理(其中包括逻辑学)。它怎么个有悖于哲学原理?详见下文],并继而在一定的时候再来一次大爆炸——再诞生新宇宙。

In recent years, an article in Guangzhou Daily of “The Universe Has Previous Life” that I have not read carefully has the same position and sense with this article. Some articles (including “The Universe Has Previous Life”) say: the current universe originated from the Big Bang 15 billion years ago. The current universe is expanding from one point, and retreating to one point and will have another Big Bang—it will give birth to another new universe when reaching the certain level. [Of course, others think that the universe will swell ceaselessly. But this article does not support such view, for it is inconsistent with philosophy principle (including logics). Why do I say so? You can find the answer in the following description.] The universe will have another Big Bang—it will give birth to another new universe.

在此,我们简略地回顾一下关于宇宙起缘和未来命运的争论史(这里所说的“争论史”也许只是争论的一个埸面,而不是“史”)。由于宇宙的起缘和未来牵涉到人类学和人类将来的命运,因此,在讨论这命题时曾是个敏感的话题,上世纪五、六、七十年代时,就曾经批判过宇宙起缘于大爆炸理论,尤其是批“宇宙将重新退缩成一点”的理论,当时的批判文章写道“唯心主义者把人类的将来描绘的漆黑一团……,唯物主义者认为人类的前景是光明的,人类将是永存的”。说到此,不禁使人想起鲁迅的名言:“人类或永远地存在下去,或终有一天会走向灭亡,即便有一天人类会灭亡,人类也应该好好地活下去,就象一个人明白自已终有一天会死,而又必须好好地活下去的道理一样。”

 Here, let’s review the argument history about origin and future of universe (“argument history” is perhaps a situation of argument, not a history). Considering it covers the future life of anthropology and human being, it is a sensitive topic to discuss the proposition. In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, the Big Bang theory, especially the theory that “the universe retreated to one point” was denounced as follows: “idealists describe the future of human being into complete darkness…materialists think that the future, human being is bright and human being is eternal.” As for it, the saying from Lu Xun occurs to me: “human beings will exist forever or perish one day; even human beings perish, they should also live nicely; it just like that: people know they will die one day, but they should also live a nice life.”

 在很早以前,就有这样的哲学命题(观点): “在历史中产生的事物,必定会在历史中消亡”。在此,本文将进一步阐明这种观点以及黑格尔说的“存在即合理”。我们认为:任何一个在历史(宇宙)中曾经存在过的事物(现象),它不可能无缘无故地来到这个世界,也不可能无缘无故地离开这个世界尤其是永不再生!在叙说这个道理前,我们必须有三个基本假设或前提,基本假设或前提是:

 Many years ago, there is a scientific proposition (view): “matters occurred in the history will vanish in the history.” Here, this article will further explain such view and the theory “what exists is reasonable” of Hegel. We think that, any matter (phenomenon) existed in the history (universe) will not come to or leave this world without any reason. Before introducing this principle, we must have three basic assumptions and preconditions which are:

1、物理公设:宇宙不是上帝创造的,是由物质构成的,物质是固有的。物质不灭(即便是当宇宙老死时,物质也不灭);能量既不能创生,也不会堙灭(即,“能量守恒”)。物质不灭与能量守恒虽可用科学仪器予以验证,但就象可用量角器来验证“直角都相等”一样,不能因此来否定公设。

1. Physical postulate: the universe is not created by God, but made of matter which is intrinsic. The law of conservation of matter (when the universe is old, the matter can also be conserved); the energy can’t be created, or destructed (that is conservation of energy). Conservation of matter and conservation of energy can be proved by scientific instrument, and it is like using protractor to prove “right angles are all equal”. We could not deny postulate.

2、哲学为物理学提供的方法论或法则:极限或有限思想(法则)在宇宙论中是至高至正思想(第一法则)和宇宙行为具有自洽性思想。爱因斯坦的“光速是宇宙间最快速度”论与“宇宙有限而无边”论、“ 宏观世界有限——宇宙内物质有限”论、 “ 微观世界有限——物质在结构或层次上是有限的,换言之,‘△(△是政治家,我热爱△)粒子’是不存在的”论、“宇宙里有最高(低)温度”论、“能量守恒”论等论点是和谐、统一的!它们都体现了极限思想和有限思想:速度有极限;宇宙的疆域有限;宇宙间物质有限;物质在结构或层次上是有限的(“△粒子”是不存在的);有最高和最低温度;宇宙间能量有限(守恒)等。这是一个极限或有限思想(法则)在宇宙论中是至高至正思想(第一法则)的思想体系。

2. Philosophy provides methodology and law for physics: extreme or finite thought (law) are the supreme thought (foremost law) in cosmic theory and the universe behavior has self-consistency.. Einstein’s theories including “light speed is the fastest speed in the universe”, “the universe is infinite without end”, “macro world is finite—the matter in the universe is finite, “micro world is finite—the matter is finite in the structure or level; i.e. ‘△ (△ is the politician, and I like △) particle” does not exist”, “it has the highest (lowest) temperature in the universe”, “conservation of energy” and others are harmonious and consistent. They all show extreme and finite thought: the speed is finite; the territory of universe in finite; matters of universe are finite; matters are finite in structure or level (△ particle does not exist); the highest and lowest temperature; conservation of energy in the universe and others. Such extreme or finite thought (law) is the supreme thought (foremost law) in the universe.

关于“宇宙间的第一法则是极(有)限法则”的补述:

The supplementary description for that “the first law in the universe is extreme (finite) law”:

(1)、本文根据哲、数原理推导出的“事物无穷尽循环”理论(即,“宇宙有前世”论的推论)便是这个思想体系的产物,也是对道家的“道”——人及物的出发点和归宿的阐发。但,道家关于“在大爆炸之初宇宙间什么也没有”的说法是未说清楚的。

  (1) this article obtains the deduction that “matters are finite and circulating” (that is to say, “the deduction that “the universe has previous life) by virtue of philosophy and mathematics, which is the product of ideological system, and also the explanation of “Dao” of Daoism—the starting point and destination of people and matters. However, the theory of Daoism that “it has nothing at the beginning of Big Bang” is not clear.

(2)、无穷大(即,无限)和无穷小(即,无穷大的倒数)不是一个数,是虚的。“无限”必须用实打实的“有限”来刻划和定义,来看一个实例:在画数轴时,先画一条直线,再定原点,然后用箭头标出正数的方向,此时仍不成“数轴”——只能说我们画了一条轴线(现实中轴线很多,如天安门、故宫都建在一条轴线上),因轴上无固定的刻度固不成数轴,只有我们在轴线上画出1以后,数轴立时形成了!这个1的长度是实打实的。

   (2) infinitely great (that is extreme) and infinitely small (that is reciprocal of infinitely great) are not specific, but abstract. “Infinite” shall be outlined and defined by “finite”. For example: when drawing the number axis, first, draw a straight line, define the original point, and then mark the direction to show the positive; however, it is not the “number axis”—we could only say we draw an axis (in fact, there are many examples, Tiananmen Square and Forbidden City are built on one axis). As it is not a number axis without fixed ruling, and then it can be called a number axis when number 1 is marked! Such the length of number 1 is specific.

 (3)、要说清楚两个以上的点的相互空间位置,必须先确定一个点位置,并以此为基点才能标明其他点的空间位置。例如,在一块凹凸不平的开阔地修一个机埸,我们先在开阔地上选取100个点,然后测量这100个点的相互位置,以便确定某点下挖多少米,另外一个点又上填多少米,以加快修机埸进度。在测量时,要么将用于测量的望远镜固定不动——标尺杆可动,要么就是将用于测量的标尺杆固定不动——望远镜可动。这样,测出的数据才能说清楚这100个点的相互位置。否则,将望远镜和标尺杆同时都动,测出的数据毫无意义。

(3) if we want to say the mutual space location for more than two points, we must define one point, and thus mark other space location of other points. For example, if we want to build an airport on an open and bumpy land, first, we should choose 100 points in the open land, and then measure their mutual location, so as to define how much deep we should dig under each point, and quicken the building progress of airport. When measuring, we should fasten the telescope—the ruler can be movable, or fasten the ruler—the telescope can be movable. Thus, the data measured could show the mutual location of 100 points. Or, move the telescope and law at the same time, the data measured have no sense. 

 如果将微观世界和宏观世界都说成是无限的,那么,无异是以一个“虚”来定义和描绘另一个“虚”, “虚” 对“虚”是说明不了问题的!

If we say micro world and macro world are both infinite, it is like using “abstract” to define and describe “abstract”, which could not solve the problems!

 (4)、再举一例:社会是由国家、省、县、乡、村、组、家、个人组成的,然而,个人是构成社会的最小单位——不能再往下分。

(4) another example, the society is composed of state, province, county, town, village, group, family and individual”, however, individual is the smallest unit in the society—can’t be divided.

在与以上思想体系相对应的思想体系里,认为无限或无穷法则是宇宙中的第一或重要法则,它认为,有超光速存在(速度无极限);宇宙(宏观世界)无穷大——宇乃域无穷,宙乃时无始无终;微观世界无穷尽(“△粒子”是存在的);但,在宇宙论中坚持“无限或无穷法则是宇宙中的第一或重要法则”的人殊不知其思想体系里理论十分混乱:速度无极限等思想(理论)与承认“存在最高(低)温度”、“能量守恒”和“物质不灭”等理论相悖!但他们却承认最高(低)温度”、“能量守恒”、“物质不灭”等理论。 

In the ideological thought opposed to that above, the infinite or endless law is the first—foremost law in the universe, and something is faster than light (limitless speed); the universe (macro world) is infinite—endless in space and in time; micro world is infinite (“△” particle exists); however, people who firmly believe that “infinite or endless law is the first or foremost law” in the cosmic theory has confused ideological thought: limitless speed and other thoughts (theories) are opposed to approval of “existence of highest or lowest temperature”, “conservation of energy”, “conservation of matter” and other theories! But they believe that existence of highest or lowest temperature”, “conservation of energy”, and “conservation of matter”.

本文认为宇宙大爆炸与退缩、生命起源与消失等行为是自洽的、协变的。天体运动如开普勒三定律所述,是有秩序的、谐和的。人们所见到的事物是动态平衡之一瞥。有限法则与宇宙行为具有自洽性理论共容。 事物无限循环是上述思想的产物。

According to this article,the Big Bang is self-consistent and The origin of life and the disappearance of behavior is self consistent and covariant , The movement of the heavenly bodies,as Kepler’s third law mentioned,is orderly  and harmonious. People see things is one of the dynamic balance glance.Finite theory and self-consistent theory of cosmic behavior, syncretize with each other.The infinite circulation of things is the product of the above thought.

3、可以运用哲学原理(其中包括逻辑学),甚至是以爱因斯坦所说的那样:“运用想象来思考物理学上的一些问题并得出结论,因为想象并不需要知识!”来作出诸如“光速是宇宙间最快速度”的假设或命题的,并不作出证明。我觉得,物理学上直接得出“宇宙里有最高温度”这一结论或判断,多少有些象数学上直接引用几何公理而不必证明(几何定理是需要证明的)!

3. we could use philosophy principles (including logics), even like what Einstein said: “use imagination to think about some problems in physics and get the conclusion, and imagination does not need knowledge!” Then we could make assumption or proposition like “light is the fastest speed in the universe”, but do not prove it. In my opinion, the conclusion or judgment that “it has the highest temperature in the universe” in physics obtained directly is like the direct use of geometric axiom without proving in mathematics (geometric axiom needs to be proved).

    在有了以上三个前提后,我们将推导“事物无限循环”理论。本文在引用爱因斯坦“时空弯曲”理论时作了保留,认为时缓充其量是瘸腿理论——只对非生命现象成立(下文将述及)。我们承认空间弯曲(宇宙有限而无边——空间是弯曲的,从宇宙间任意一点出发笔直向前,都会回到原点。如果某人用望远镜朝任意一个方向望去,那么,随着空间的弯曲,他将最终看到自已的后脑勺。对弯曲的空间而言,空中任何一点既是宇宙的边缘,又是宇宙的中心。我们不能用欧氏空间去想象和描述爱因斯坦所说的弯曲的空间)理论。我们从这一论点出发,推论:既然宇宙是有限的——也就是说宏观世界是有限的,那么,微观世界也是有限的!“△粒子”是不存在的!我认为,“△粒子”理论对“物质无限可分”的解释是指物质的层次或结构是无限的,而不是简单地说物质的体积在观念上无限可分。说到此,我必须强调:说物质的体积在观念上无限可分,并不是△的发明,在我国古代早就有“一尺之物,日取其半,万世不竭!”之说,说的就是物体的体积在观念上是无限可分。一些大科学家是在受△的启发下断言物质在结构或层次上是无限的。当然,也有一些科学家不以为然———认为“△粒子”是不存在的!如果微观世界是无限的——物质的层次或结构是无限的,那么,从分子开始分下去,随着越分越细,微粒子的个数或门(种)类越来越多了(在每一个微粒子都只可分为2个比其更小的粒子时,微粒子的个数或门(种)类之数量是呈几何级数增长。当某一个或多个粒子可分为2个以上的比其更小的粒子时,微粒子的个数或门(种)类之数量增长更快),不仅人类不能穷其奥妙,更重要的是物质也不能构成——就象再多的“零”也不能构成一个有效数字一样,无限可分的“△粒子”是不能构成物质的,物质必须建筑在有穷尽结构或层次的粒子之上。我们认为基本粒子是不可分的——除非你将无穷大的力作用于基本粒子或在超最高(低)温度下或分割时间为零秒,它才可分,否则,基本粒子就不可分!另,既然从宏观世界上讲“宇宙有限而无边”,那么,宇宙间物质也是有限的,有限的物质才可能有朝一日退缩成一点,继而引发新的宇宙大爆炸。

From the three preconditions above, we will deduct the theory “matters are infinite and circulating”. When citing the “curved time and space” theory of Einstein, I have made some reservations, for I think time slowing theory is lame theory at most—only true in non-life phenomenon (discussed as follows). We admit the winding time and space (the universe is finite but endless—the space is winding; start from any point in the universe and go straight, we will return the original point. If we look ahead to any direction with telescope, we will look at our back with the winding space. As for winding space, any point in the space is the edge and center of the universe at the same time. We could not use Euclidean space to imagine or describe winding space). We start from such theory and deduct: as the universe is infinite—that is to say, macro world is finite and the micro world is finite! “△particle” does not exist! I think, the explanation of “△particle” theory to that “matter can be divided infinitely” is that matters are infinite in structure and level, but not simply referring to the volume of matters can be divided infinitely in abstracto. Until now, I must emphasize: the volume of matters can be divided infinitely in abstracto is not the invention of △; actually, in ancient China, the saying “matter of only one inch, if we get half of it each day, we could not get the whole one for generations” has existed. Some scientists claim that matters are infinite in structure and level aspired by △. Of course, some scientists do not believe it—they think “△particle” does not exist! If the micro world is infinite—matters are infinite in structure or level, make division from the atom, number and kind of corpuscle will be more and more (if molecule can only be divided into two smaller particles, the number and kind of corpuscle will get the geometric growth. When one or more particles can be divided into more than two smaller particles, number and kind of corpuscle will have greater growth. Actually, not only people could not understand the secret, but also matter could not be composed—like more ”zero” could not form an effective number, “△particle” which is infinite and dividable could not form the matters, as matters must be built on the particles with finite structure or level. We think basic particles are not dividable—unless you apply infinite force to basic particle or use the highest (lowest) temperature or the split time is zero, it can be divided. Or, basic particles could not be dividable. Besides, as “the universe in finite but endless” from macro world, the matters in the universe is finite. Finite matters will retreat into one point one day, and then cause another new Big Bang.

有了上述假设和推理后,我们还必须活用数学上的事件出现理论和函数分布理论,得出:“某个事物或现象在已往的无穷多个机会中或上溯到充分大久远的时间内都未出现,则,此事物或现象出现的概率为零(即:从未且永远不会出现);相反,某个事物或现象在特定的条件下出现过一次,如果不能证明(或有迹象表明)这个“特定的条件”的出现是唯一,就不能认为该事件的出现是偶然和孤立的。换句话说,若导致该事件出现的“特定的条件”还会出现,则,某个事物或现象也一定会重新出现,若上述“特定的条件”会出现无数次,那么,某个事物或现象也会出现无数次”的结论。在此,我将结合这一理论,发表我对宇宙论的看法。我认为:既然我们看到的宇宙是起缘于150亿年前的大爆炸,那么,宇宙的前世必有无数个——宇宙由大爆炸(生)到退缩成一点(死)已经历过无数次重复或轮回。否则,你就无法解释为什么在上溯到充分(无穷)大久远的时间和爆炸后充分大久远的时间,宇宙间都未发生过大爆炸而诞生宇宙,而又为什么偏偏在150亿年前这个时点上而发生大爆炸而诞生宇宙呢?如果仅在150亿年前这个时点上发生大爆炸而诞生宇宙,那么,此观点违反辨证法和上文提到的数学中的机会均等和正态分布理论,我认为大爆炸理论和道教中关于宇宙起缘於的理論,认为在宇宙诞生之初,世界上空空如也,什么也没有,二思想不谋而合,但二者都未講清楚宇宙起缘于“无”的“无”。“物质不灭”理论告诉我们,宇宙起缘之初世界上的物质与现在相比一点也没少(只不过它以一种特殊方式存在:正反物质结合在一起)。等量的宇宙物质在与可上溯到充分(无穷)大久远的时间相配比,应该发生事件的概率或机会是均等的。。“上帝不会独怜某时点”——上帝不会只垂青150亿年前这个时点:让唯一的大爆炸只发生在此时点!对于探讨再过充分大久远时间时的宇宙前景,哲学为物理学家提供的方法是向后上溯看的原则。

Besides the assumption and deduction above, we must apply the event occurrence theory and sum function theory, so as to obtain that: “if certain matter or phenomenon has not occurred in infinite chances or the most ancient time before, we could say that the occurrence of certain matter or phenomenon is zero (that is to say, never occur); in contrast, if certain matter or phenomenon has occurred once in specific condition and we could not prove (or some indication to show) that “the specific condition” is the only one, the occurrence of such event could not be deemed as occasionally or independently. In other words, if the “specific condition” that caused the event occurs again, certain matter or phenomenon will occur again; if the “specific condition” that caused the event occurs for numerous times, certain matter or phenomenon will occur for numerous times. Here, I will combine such theory to express my view to cosmic theory. I think, as the universe that we have seen originated from the Big Bang in 15 billion years ago, the universe may have numerous previous lives—from Big Bang (birth) to one point (death), the universe have experienced repetition and samsara for many times. Or, you could not explain why there is no explosion to give birth to the universe in the infinite time before and after the Big Bang, and only in the time point of 15 billion years? If the explosion only happens in the time point of 15 billion years, thus such view goes against the dialectic and equality of chance and Gaussian distribution theories. I think the Big Bang theory is similar to the origin of the universe of Daoism that at the beginning of the universe, there is nothing in the world, but they do not explain the “nothing”. Theory of “conservation of matter” tells us, at the beginning of the universe, matters in the world are not fewer than that at present (they just exist in certain form: positive and negative matters combine together). The matters with equal quantity should have the equal occurrence or chance compared to the most ancient time ago. “God can’t sympathize with certain time point”—God can’t only sympathize with such point of 15 billion years: let the only Big Bang happen at such point! As to discussing the universe prospect of the most ancient time ago, philosophy provides physicists with the principle of viewing upwards and backwards.

现在回到上文提出来的对“宇宙有前世”论的推论:“在历史上、宇宙内曾经存在过的和正存在的事物,它必定已诞生和灭亡过无数次!并且还会将无数次地重复着故事。”如果此推论正确,那么,我们早已活过和死过无数次了,并且,我们在此生之后还将无数次地来到人间,重复着今生的故事。讲到这似乎有些玄,太不可思异了!但这就是大自然的杰作、“上帝”(这个“上帝”便是冥冥之中的规律)的杰作!黑格尔未对“存在即合理”说清,“事物无限循环”则是从一个全新的角度对其诠释。我们认为,任何一个由动物和人参与的事件,它既是宇宙大爆炸的物质分布、排列组合的结果,又是动物和人主观能动(动物之间进行食物、配偶、名次或荣誉三大竞争和爱)的结果[注:动物之间的配偶竞争甚至延伸到不同物种之间,如,公狗咬死与之通奸的女人的丈夫——报刊上有人兽通奸造成恶果的报导;公马与公驴同争某一匹母马等——马驴交配产骡。进化论强调竞争而忽略了爱,——没有爱就没有动物,这种爱甚至出现在不同的物种之间,如,母狗哺育幼虎,母狼哺育人婴]。为了加深您对此说的理解,下面试着说明“我们在此生之后还将无数次地来到人间,重复着今生的故事。”:

Let’s come back to deduction that “the universe has previous life”: “the matter existed or existing in the history or in the universe must have birth and death for numerous times, and it will continue to repeat the life story.” If the deduction is correct, we should have birth and death for numerous times, and we will come back the world for numerous times to repeat the story of current life in the future. As for the words above, it is a little mysterious and unbelievable! However, it is the masterpiece of nature and God (God is the law that can’t be seen)! Hegel has not given clear explanation to that “what exists is reasonable”, and the theory that “the things are infinite and circulating” is a new interpretation from a new angle. We think, anything involving animals and human beings  is not only the result of matter distribution and arrangement of Big Bang, but also the result of subjective (love and competition among animals for food, mate, rank and honor) (remark: the competition for mate can be extended to different species. For example, a male dog killed a husband whose wife had committed the adultery—the news have reported that the adultery between human and animal caused bad results; a male horse and a male donkey compete for a female horse—mating between horse and donkey could produce a mule. The evolution emphasized competition but ignored love—if there is no love, there is no animal—even such kind of love could occur among different animals. For example, a female dog raised a baby tiger, and a female wolf may raise a human baby. Hegel didn’t explain clearly about “What is rational is actual and what is actual is rational.”, and “Things are in infinite loop” is an interpret ion from a new angle. We think any event in which animals and humans participate in is both a result of material distribution, permutation and combination of Big Bang, and the result of subjective initiative of animals and humans (animals compete and love for food, mate, ranking or reputation) [Note: the competition for mate between animals even extend to different animal species, such as, male dog kills the husband of the wife whom he has an affair with---there are reports about adultery between  animals and humans; stallion and jackass compete for a mare—mare and jackass mate and give birth to mule. The theory of Evolution stress competition but neglects love, there is no animal if there is no love, such love even occurs between different animal species, for example, slut feeds baby tiger, she wolf feeds human baby. “In order to deepen the understanding of such saying, I will attempt to talk about that “we will come back to the world in the future and repeat the story of current life”:

科学家说:在n亿年后,宇宙间的“原子”也会老死腐烂——烂成基本粒子(别忘了物质不灭!),此时,宇宙将退缩成一点(太阳早已熄灭,人类早已灭亡),此时,我们看到的宇宙这时便寿终正寝了!然而,也孕育了新的大爆炸(别忘了能量守恒)——宇宙的新生。在新的大爆炸发生T秒钟内,宇宙前生的“原子”在老死时烂成的基本粒子将重新组合生成新的原子,新的宇宙诞生了,我们将其命名为“宇新1世”,然穷“宇新1世”的一生,在新宇宙中也未产生生命或虽产生生命,却只产生了低级的生命。既如此,自然就没有我们的再生。究其原因是,虽然新宇宙也产生了大大小小的星球,但由于在新宇宙诞生之初,基本粒子在重新组合生成新的原子,继而再组合成新的大大小小的星球时,由于其(期)间的原子、分子及星球之间相互位置组合排列的不好——未达到构成生命或高级生命的必要条件。讲到此,我们应当庆幸在150亿年前这个时点上发生大爆炸而诞生宇宙,其(期)间的原子、分子及星球之间相互位置组合排列的好——从而为诞生高级生命(其中包括我们)构成了必要条件。别的不说,单就月亮与地球的位置来讲就十分合理:如果地球身边无月,则,没有月球控制着地球自转的方向,那么,地球日将是4小时左右,且地球的自转就会失律——南北极可能会变成赤道,赤道则会变成南北极,进而造成地球磁场紊乱,而地球磁场紊乱又进一步会造成海洋的枯竭!说到此,就不得不说到火星,火星上原本有海洋,可就是因为其无合适的卫星帮其控制自转,导致火星磁场紊乱,火星因此无法锁住水分——水都蒸发到太空中去了。无水自无生命!讲到这,我们自然明白,迄今在浩瀚的宇宙中尚未发现其他智慧生命乃至低级生命的道理:星球上若要有生命,实是太难了——既有微观上的要求,又有宏观上的要求(比如,象太阳、月亮与地球之间的位置十分合理)。在“宇新1世”老死后,还会产生新的宇宙,我们给其命名为“宇新2世”; 在“宇新2世”老死后,还会产生新的宇宙,我们给其命名为“宇新3世”,……,依次类推,直到产生“宇新i世”, “宇新i+1世”, “宇新i+2世”,……“宇新n世”, “宇新n+1世”, “宇新n+2世”……,;当宇宙新生过i(i为天文数)次时,期间,必有生命的出现;当比i更大的天文数n出现时,宇宙也新生过n次,期间,必有智慧生命的出现,但,我们也不一定出现,只有当在今后宇宙某次大爆炸中,在大爆炸之初,其前世烂掉的原子的尸体——微观粒子,在重新组合排列成原子,进而组合成大大小小的星球时,其新生的大大小小的星球正好与今生宇宙的大大小小的星球完全相同时,则,我们就又重新来到人间,重复着今生的故事。不过,这种事件发生的概率实在是太小了——不必说与六合彩中奖相比其概率要小,就是与几万个汉字排列组合成几十万言的名箸(若《红楼梦》是80万字,汉字总个数是2万个,则,用计算机或人工机械排列成书的概率为:80万的2万次方分之一)的概率还不知要小多少倍,换言之,我们两次人生之间的间隔实在是太长了!与此相比,我们的生命则是太短暂了!

Some scientists say: in n billion years, the “atom” in the universe will decay—into the basic particle (do not forget the conservation of matter). At the same time, the universe will retreat into one point (the sun has extinguished and human beings have vanished), and the universe dies naturally! However, it still gives birth to new Big Bang (do not forget the conservation of energy)—the new birth of the universe. During T seconds of the new Big Bang, the “atom” of the former universe will decay into basic particles and combine into new atoms; thus, a new universe was born, and we name it as “New Generation 1 of Universe”. However, in its whole process, it has no life or only has low-level life, and even no rebirth of us. In the new universe, although it has given birth to many planets, basic particles combine into new atoms and then into new planets which do not become the necessary conditions for life or high-level life because of improper mutual arrangement and combination among atoms, particles and planets. Until now, we should feel lucky that, in the point of 15 billion years, the Big Bang happened and gave birth to the universe, and proper arrangement and combination among atoms, particles and planets provide necessary conditions for high-level life (including us). In addition, the location of moon and earth is very right; if there was no moon beside the earth and the moon did not control the direction of earth rotation, the earth day would be of about 4 hours, and the earth rotation would lose its laws—north and south pole would become the equator, and the equator would become north and south pole, so as to cause the disorder of earth magnetic field, and even the exhaustion of the sea. Now we have to talk about Mars. In the Mars, it had the sea at the beginning; however, there was no proper satellite to control its rotation, so as to cause disorder of magnetic field; the Mars could not control its water and the water all evaporated into the space. If there is no water, there is no life! So we could understand that there is no other wise life and even low-level life found in the universe: if there is life in other stars, it is too difficult—it will demand in micro aspects and macro aspects (include proper location among the sun, the moon and the earth). When the “New Generation 1 of Universe” dies, it will give birth to another new universe, and we could name it as “New Generation 2 of Universe”; when “New Generation 2 of Universe” dies, we will name another new universe “New Generation 3 of Universe”…and so on, until “New Generation i of Universe”, “New Generation i+1 of Universe”, “New Generation i+2 of Universe”… “New Generation n of Universe”, “New Generation n+1 of Universe”, “New Generation n+2 of Universe”…; when the universe has experienced i generations, during such period, the life will occur; when the number n which is larger than i, the universe has experienced n generations, and the wise life must occur. However, we, human being, perhaps could not occur. Only at the beginning of future Big Bang, other decayed atoms—microscopic particles combine into new atoms and thus into stars. Besides, the new born stars are the same as the present stars, and we will come back to the world and repeat the story of current life. However, the frequency of such event occurrence is too small—not to mention to win a prize in the lottery, it is smaller than the chance of thousands of Chinese characters combined into a masterpiece (if Story of Red Mansion have 800 thousands, and there are all 20 thousand Chinese characters; the chance of arrangement into a book with computer or manually is: one to 20 thousandth power of 800 thousand). The interval of out two lives is too long! Compared to it, our life is too short!

写宇宙论小结:根据物理学家提供的关于宇宙大爆炸的只言片语,运用哲学原理,先确立写文的三个前提或假设(其中:推出“有限法则是宇宙间第一法则”),用“理想实验法”(若36选7彩票永开,则,任意一组七个码,如,1、2、3、4、5、6、7将无数次被开出)和归纳法就可推导出宇宙有前世、今世、来世。其他的物理学知识在此埸合是多余的。华罗庚提出的在解数学应用题时,仅选用有用的已知条件、不考虑无用已知条件的法则在此埸合甚是适用。华罗庚说,已知某码头有货物100吨,用吨位为5吨的船来装运到下游800米处,静水中船速为2米/秒,水速为1米/秒;装或卸一吨货费时20分钟;船长35岁,有2个小孩,其中:大孩读小学一年级。问:此货物何时运完?华罗庚说:后面有关船长的个人资料虽为已知,但对解题无补,故不应考虑。

The conclusion of cosmic theory: according to the words about Big Bang provided by physicists and philosophy principles, define three preconditions and assumptions of this article (put that “finite law is the first law in the universe”), and use “ideal experiment”(If there always exists Sport Lottery(select 7 numbers as a group in 36),then,any random group like,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,will be drawn many times.) and induction to deduct that the universe has the previous life, current life and future life. Other physics knowledge is needless here. Hua Luogeng’s principle that when solving math word problems, only useful known conditions and no useless unknown conditions shall be considered is applicable to this case. Hua Luogeng once questioned: if there are 100 tons of goods in the wharf, and these goods will be transported to 800 km away in lower reaches with a 5-ton ship. The speed of ship in still water is 2m/s and water speed is 1m/s; the loading or unloading of 1 ton of goods will take 20 min; the capital is 35 years old, and there are 2 kids on the ship, one kid is a student of Grade One. Then the question is: how long it will take to complete the transport? Hua Luogeng said: the following data such as the capital’s information is known, but useless for solving the problem, so it shall be neglected.

其实,只要你对我们说:“宇宙诞生于大爆炸”,则,我们直接告诉你:“事物无限循环”,之所以这样答你,是因为一阴一阳为道,大道至简:有宇爆(阳)必有宇缩(阴);宇爆隐含宇宙有限;宏观(阳)有限,则,微观(阴)必有限;有亚绝对零度(阴),则,必有最高温度(阳);你生(阳)-死(阴)-再生(阳)-再死(阴)… 

In fact, as long as you say to us: “The big bang led to the birth of the universe”,  Then we will tell you directly:" things infinite circulation ", Why do we say that to you? the reason being that,  A Yin and  a  yang  composition Taoism ,big Taoism" is most concision: There is a big bang (Yang), there will be a cosmic retreat (Yin);The big bang theory implied limited universe theory ;Macro (Yang) is limited, then the micro (Yin) will be limited; there is a sub absolute zero (Yin), then, there will be the highest temperature (Yang);You live (yang) - you die (yin) - regenerate (yang) - die again (yin)…


  附一 小概率事件参考事例:陈景润证明的“1+2”(陈氏定理)在解释生命和宇宙起源方面、在辨证唯物论等哲学领域都起到这种或那种作用。既如此,不妨将与(陈氏定理)相关的素数对问题(如能证明有无穷多个孪生素数对,就能证明 “1+1” 即,哥德巴赫猜想)写出,供您参考。几乎所有的数都是合数,换言之,随着自然数的增大,相邻的两个素数间的距离越来越远,素数出现的概率越来越小,但,素数的个数却是无限个,且永不排除出现孪生素数对的可能性!只不过出现孪生素数对的可能性越来越小!注意:本文并未说我们重生的概率类似素数出现的概率,只是说我们重生的概率是小概率事件;

Attachment 1: small probability event sample: “1+2” (Chen’s Theorem) proved by Chen Jingrun plays the role in explaining the origin of life and universe, differentiation materialism and other philosophy fields. Thus, I might as well write down prime pair problems (if we could prove that there are endless prime pairs, we could thus prove “1+1”, that is Goldbach conjecture) related with Chen’s Theorem for reference. Nearly all the numbers are composite numbers; in other words, with the increase of natural number, the distance between two adjacent prime numbers will become larger and larger, and the occurrence probability is smaller and smaller. However, the number of prime number is infinite, and we will never get rid of twin prime numbers! The occurrence probability merely becomes smaller and smaller! Note: the probability of rebirth discussed in this article is similar to that of prime number, but only small probability event.

附二:宇宙的实退缩和虚退缩。“奇点”的存在是幻影。

Attachment 2. The specific retreat and abstract retreat. The existence of “singularity” is illusionary.

在大爆炸起始的“一点”中,物质的密度、压力,温度都已达到最大值,此时,基本粒子的体积较之其他状态下的体积或许要小一丁点儿,但,也绝对不可能被压缩为零——有限法则告诉我们:“一点”中的压力不可能为无穷大,有限法则告诉我们物质须建筑在非零体积的微观粒子之上。在基本粒子的体积不可压缩与可压缩两者之间,我倾向于基本粒子的体积是不可压缩的,基本粒子只有在受到无穷大的力,或在超越绝对零度(高温)的状态下其体积才可能被压缩。

At “one point” of Big Bang appearance, the density, pressure and temperature have reached the maximum, and the volume of basic particles may be a little smaller than that in other states; however, it could not be compressed into zero—finite law shows that: the pressure of “one point” could not be infinitely big, and matters should be built on micro particles of non-zero volume. As for incompressible and compressible features of basic particles, I prefer to believe that the volume of basic particles could not be compressed; when basic particles are applied by external force or in the state beyond absolute zero (high temperature), its volume can be compressed.

由于基本粒子的体积不可能被压缩为零或不可被压缩,使得宇宙退缩分为实退缩和虚退缩两部分:大爆炸理论所依据的质能方程和相对论数学模型要求宇宙退缩为几何意义上的一点——体积为零。但,在宇宙退缩为N立方公里时,由于最高温度、最大压力、最高密度的出现导致了新的宇宙大爆炸,因此,在宇宙退缩成N立方公里之前是实退缩,在退缩成N立方公里时,退缩就成虚的了――就像镜中象一样是虚的,我们可以想象新的宇宙大爆炸还未发生,宇宙的退缩还在按质能方程的要求在继续进行中,直至退为几何意义上的一点——体积为零。由于理想中的虚退缩存在,才使得所谓的“奇点”存在。

 As the volume of basic particles can’t be compressed or compressed into zero, the universe has the abstract and specific retreats: the mass-energy equation and relativity mathematical model applied by Big Bang theory show that the universe retreats into one point geometrically—the volume is zero. However, when the universe retreats into N km?, the occurrence of the highest temperature, pressure and density cause a new Big Bang. Thus, before that, it is specific retreat, and from that time, it is abstract retreat—abstract like in the mirror. We could imagine that, the new Big Bang has not occurred, and the retreat of the universe is still undergoing with the demand of mass-energy equation, till into one point geometrically—the volume is zero. Due to the existence of ideal abstract retreat, it makes the existence of so-called singularity.

  附三:求“一点”的体积的大小。

Attachment 3: the volume of “one point”.

退缩成N立方公里的一个大火球,是一个奇怪的“球”,——它既无球心,也无半径!它是个翻腾着的曲面体,——“球”中任一点,既是“球”心,又是“球”的边缘,以致于在新的宇宙大爆炸中,与我们日常爆炸有一个中心不同,而是物质随着空间的膨胀而膨胀。

    One big fire ball retreating to N km? is a strange “ball”—it has no center and no radius. It is tossing curved surface body, — any point of the “ball” is both the “center” and the edge, so that in the new Big Bang, there is a center different from our daily explosion, it is that matters expand as space swells.

大爆炸中“一点”的体积为N立方公里,求N的上限:1、认为“一点”中物质的密度与比重≥中子态物质的密度与比重;2、查资料分别求出宇宙物质总重量及中子态物质的密度和比重;3、按二者的密度或比重之比计算出N的上限。

Considering the volume of “one point” in the Big Bang is N km?, ask the upper limit of N: the density and proportion in the matters in the “one point” ≥ that in the neutron state; 2.caculate the overall weight of matters in the universe as well as density and proportion for matters in the neutron state; 3. Calculate the upper limit of N in accordance with density or proportion.

还可以按霍金所说:“大爆炸后形成的数以百万计的微小的黑洞,它们能把成10亿吨的物质密集于一个质子大小的空间内”的黑洞内物质密度来计算N的上限——宇宙物质都集中在“一点”这个唯一的黑洞之中。然而,霍金所说一个质子大的空间集中了10亿吨的物质是无磅或天平可称的,——任何称或天平近黑洞时都被吸进黑洞内了,既如斯,如此高密度又是怎样得出来的呢?是根据黑洞数学模型和质能方程计算出来的。在质能方程E=MC2中,由于C=30万KM/秒,是个常数,使得方程中除时间外的诸元得到充分保证或相对的固定,故在“伸缩了”时间的位份,导致了“时间的相对性”一说的同时,还将一部分c值扯上其他硬转化成了质量——C搞的鬼,于是高密度就出现了,如此高密度又是一个幻影。我们在用质能方程描述质量亏损转化为能量时,不太在意物质占有空间的消失,也无妨原子弹出世;而我们在用质能方程描述能量转化为质量时或极小空间里的物质时,须注意物质的刚需空间,否则,就会出现幻影。

According to Hawking: “after Big Bang, millions of small dark hole appeared, they could focus on matters of 1 billion tons into one space of one proton and calculate the upper limit of N in accordance with density of matters in black holes—the matters are concentrated in the “one point”, the only black hole. However, the situation that the space like the proton has matters of 1 billion can’t be measured by balance—any balance which approaches the black hole will be absorbed into the black hole, how does the high density get? It is calculated from mathematical model and mass-energy equation. In the equation E=MC?, C=300 thousand KM/second as a constant, makes the elements except time get full guarantee or relative fixture, so as to “extend” the time, lead to a saying of “relativity of time”, and help others change into quality—because of C; the high density occurs and such high density is illusionary. When we use mass-energy equation to describe that energy is transformed into the quality or that in an infinitely small space, we should pay attention to space, or the illusionary image will appear.

附四:物质的第七形态。人们已知的6种物质形态是:固态、液态、气态、等离子态、波色—爱因斯坦凝聚态、费米子凝聚态。还有物质形态的不同说法:除了固、液、气三态外,还有物质的第四态——等离子态、物质第五态——超密态、物质的第六态——辐射埸态、物质的第七态——反物质。暗物质与物质第八态之迷、自然界必然存在更多的物质形态不为人知(此为网摘,我们不赞成此说法,我们认为物质形态很有限)。

Attachment 4. The seventh form of matter. The other six forms are: fermionic condensate, gas state, solid state, liquid state, plasma, Bose-Einstein condensate. There are different opinions about form: apart from solid state, gas state and liquid state, there is the fourth form—plasma, the fifth form—superdense state, the sixth form—radiation field state, and the seventh form—antimatter. The mystery of dark matters and the eighth substance form, as well as other more substance forms in nature are still unknown (the above is an excerpt from website. We disapprove of it and we think that substance forms are limited.

我们认为 “一点”中的物质形态是物质的第七种形态,它有以下特点:①大爆炸中“一点”中的物质为正、反物质的混合态,同时,时与空这两种广义上的物质也被扭进“一点”, “一点”中的物质特性将不复存在,――原子、分子等等都将不复存在!在这种情形下,无法谈论"一点"的哪一部分物质,"一点"是一个统一体!②它存在的时间极短――几乎是无限短的时间;③“一点”不可能为奇点,它的体积不可能为无限小、温度也不可能为无限高、压力和密度也不是无限大。“一点”的体积为N立方公里;“一点”的温度最高(中学《物理》课本上曾讲到“最高温度”,但,课本未告诉我们在何种状态下,存在最高温度,本文明确告诉读者:此时此状态下存在最高温度)、压力和密度都达到最大值。

We believe that matter form in “one point” is the seventh form and it has the following features: ① matters in the “one point” of Big Bang are the combination of positive and negative matters, at the same time, general matters like time and space are divided into “one point”; matter feature in “one point” will not exist—atom, molecule will not exist either! Under such situation, it is difficult to discuss part of “one point”, as “one point” is a whole. ② its existing time is too short—nearly infinitely short; ③ “one point” could not be singularity, and its volume could not be infinitely small, its temperature could not be infinitely high, and its pressure and density could not be infinitely high. The volume of “one point” is N km?; its temperature is the highest (Physics has talked about the “highest temperature”, however, it does not tell us that as for what kind of state, it has the highest temperature; this article tells us that it is under such situation that it has the highest temperature), and the pressure and density have reached the maximum value.

现对上述结论推导如下:

Now the deduction is as follows:

我们认为,宇宙退缩是由于黑洞兼并引起的。当今宇宙有很多黑洞,天体等物质终将被黑洞吞食掉。相邻的两个黑洞会互相吸引而缠绕着靠近,质量大一点的黑洞会吞食质量小一点的黑洞,两个黑洞会合并为一个新黑洞,如此反复,整个宇宙将只剩下一个黑洞,黑洞也是有寿命的,当最后一个黑洞老死时,也就是新的宇宙大爆炸之时。

We think that, the retreat of the universe is caused by merging of black holes. In the current universe, there are many black holes, heavenly bodies and other matters will be swallowed by black holes. The two adjacent black holes will attract and approach to each other, and the larger one in quality will swallow the smaller one so as to combine into a new one; so repeatedly, there will be only one black hole left in the universe. Any black whole has its age, and the new Big Bang when the last black hole dies.

当最后一个黑洞老死时的状态,即为“一点”,它存在的时间极短――几乎是无限小的时间,紧接着的便是新的宇宙大爆炸。因此,最高温度、最大压力、最高密度只存在极短时间。“一点”的存续期的长短与宇宙物质总量和总能量的多寡或大小有关,宇宙物质的总量越大、总能量越大,则,“一点”中的压力就越大、密度也越大、温度也越高,相应地,“一点”的存续期就越短。这与“月盈则亏、胜极必衰”的哲学理论是共容的。

The state that when the last black hole dies, that is “one point”, which just has very short time—nearly infinitely small time, and then the new Big Bang occurs. Thus, the highest temperature, pressure and density have very short time. The existing time of “one point” is related to total quantity and energy of matters in the universe, that is to say, the larger the quantity and energy, the higher are the pressure, density and temperature of “one point” in the universe, vice versa. It is very similar to the philosophy theory that “the moon waxes and wanes”.

根据大爆炸理论,星系连同其它所有的恒星和行星都产生于一个所谓的奇异点。这个奇点中集中了所有宇宙最原始的物质,物质经过它时受到的压力是无限大的。我们认为奇点理论违反”极限或有限法则”的:奇点的体积不可能是无穷小,内部压力也不可能是无穷大,温度也不是无限高。不必说宇宙间的物质会压缩成一点是不可能的,即便是一个基本粒子,您要想将其体积压缩为0,也是不可能的!否则,它就不是基本粒子。基本粒子若非在受到无穷大的力,或在超越绝对零度(高温)的状态下,你休想将其体积压缩一丁点儿或压缩为0。由于“一点”是由黑洞转化而来的,因此,它保留和发展了黑洞的某些特性,如,在黑洞中心,除了质量、电荷和角动量以外,物质其他特性全部丧失,原子、分子等等都将不复存在!在这种情形下,无法谈论黑洞的哪一部分物质,黑洞是一个统一体!黑洞,极亮却看不见,因而极黑。而“一点”却比黑洞更亮也更黑。

According to Big Bang theory, galaxy and other stars and planets all originated from one so-called singularity, which has concentrated all the primitive matters, and matters will suffer infinite pressure when passing over it. We believe that singularity has gone against “extreme or finite law”; the volume of singularity could not be infinitely small, internal pressure could not be infinitely high, and the temperature could not be infinitely high. It is impossible to compress the matters in the universe into one point, even for a basic particle, it is impossible to compress its volume into zero. Or it will not be a basic particle. If the basic particle is not acted by infinite force or it is not under the state beyond absolute zero (high temperature), we could not compress it any more or compress it into zero. As “one point” is transformed from black hole, thus, it remains and develops some features of black holes; for example, in the center of black hole, except for quality, charge and angular momentum, other features of matters all disappear, and atom, molecule and others will not exist! Under such situation, it is difficult to discuss any part of black hole as the black hole is a whole. Black hole, very bright, but we could not see it, thus we call it black. However, “one point” is brighter and blacker than black hole.

只要宇宙退缩,则,无论“黑洞不存在”、“黑洞爆炸”、“黑洞爆炸与黑洞兼并两现象都有发生”等论点正确与否,都无妨第七物质形态的提出。

As long as the universe retreats, whether arguments “black hole doesn’t exist”, “explosion of black hole”, “both explosion of black hole and consolidation of black hole happen” are right or wrong have nothing to do with the proposal of the seventh form of matter.

第七物质形态不可能用科学实验的方法予以验证,或许能用理想试验法予以证明。

 The seventh matter form can’t be proved by scientific experiment, or maybe can be proved by ideal experiment.

附五:宇宙正在加速膨胀,使宇宙加速膨胀的力(此力是否就是“恐怖的暗能量”,容酌)无时不刻地撕扯着空间(原子也占有空间,因此也被使宇宙加速膨胀的力撕扯),再过n亿年,它将把所有的星系、恒星、行星、分子、原子一一撕裂。宇宙膨胀至极的前夕,宇宙间的原子早已或即将被撕成碎片——基本粒子。或曰,再过n亿年原子将烂成基本粒子。当宇宙膨胀到最大值时,宇宙中物质分布达到最稀薄状态。此时,宇宙的某些空间最大程度地接近了真空,此“真空”中的物质处于极低温度(这个极低温度,虽非绝对零度,却是宇宙中能够达到的低温极限,其值在-273.15℃—-273.149999999℃之间,下文称它为亚绝对零度)、最小压强、最稀薄密度状态。此状态下的物质,怕不是玻-爱凝聚态和费米子凝聚态,它可能是直接由基本粒子构成而非原子构成的物质,即便此时宇宙内原子未被撕裂,那么,原子的排列也不可能像玻-爱凝聚态物质的原子那样排列。我们称亚绝对零度下的物质为第八形态物质。  最大宇宙空间“盛极必衰”,它只持续了几乎是无穷短的时间,紧接着便是宇宙坍塌或退缩,宇宙退缩到“一点”时,新的宇宙大爆炸发生了。因此,亚绝对零度作为最大空间的衍生现象也只在几乎是无穷短的时间内存在过。某科学家说:“根据热力学理论,气体在绝对零度下,分子的动能为零”,此为伪命题——宇宙中既无绝对零度,又哪来的"气体在绝对零度下"一说?正确的说法是,在亚绝对零度下气态物质怕不能存在,在亚绝对零度下,怕只存在由辐射埸态物质(真空埸态物质)嬗变的物质或只存在直接由基本粒子构成而非原子构成的物质。在现在和可预见的将来,宇宙是不会、不能现八态物的,现,则,宇缩。

Attachment 5: The universe is speeding up swelling, and the impetus speeding the swelling of the universe (it needs considering whether the impetus is the “horrible dark energy”) is tearing at any time (atoms also occupy space, so they are also torn by the impetus), after n million years, the impetus will tear down all galaxies, stars, planets, molecules and atoms. Before extreme swelling of the universe, atoms in the universe will have been or will be torn into pieces—basic particles. Or, after n million years atoms will be torn down to basic particles. When the universe expands to the maximum, matter distribution in the universe will reach the thinnest state. At this moment, some spaces in the universe will be vacuumed to the largest degree, and matters in the “vacuum” will be under extreme low temperature (although the extreme low temperature is not absolute zero, it is the ultimate that the universe can reach, and its value is between -273.15℃ and 273.149999999℃, which is called sub-absolute zero), the lowest pressure, the thinnest density state. Matter in the state may not be fermionic condensate and Bose-Einstein condensate. It may be a substance directly composed of basic particles instead of atoms. Even though the atoms in universe are not torn down at that time, the arrangement of atom cannot be arranged as that of Bose-Einstein condensate. We call matter under the sub-absolute zero as the eighth form of matter. The biggest universe space only lasts for ulmost infinitely short time, and then will face universe collapse or retreat. When the universe retreats to “one point”, new Big Bang occurs. Therefore, sub-absolute zero as the derivative phenomenon of the biggest space only exists in almost infinitely short time. A scientist said: “according to thermodynamic theories, when gas is under absolute zero, the kinetic energy of molecule is zero”, this is a pseudo-proposition----for if there is no absolute zero in universe, how can we say “gas is under absolute zero? The right statement is that, matter in gas state may not exist under sub-absolute zero. Under sub-absolute zero, there may only exist matters evolved from radiated field matters (vacuum field matters) or matters that are composed of basic particles other than atoms. Now and in the foreseeable future, universe will not change and will not have the eighth form of matter. If the eighth form of matter occurs, the universe will retreat.

 

 附六:爱氏空间、霍氏空间与从哲学角度探讨的空间

Attachment 6: Einstein’s space, Hawking’s space and other spaces from philosophic angles

爱氏空间中的天体、光线的运动轨迹是曲线,这种运动方式和内在联系有导致宇宙退缩的趋势。

In Einstein’s space, the movement trails of heavenly bodies and light are curve, and such movement means and inner link have the trend to make the universe retreat.

霍氏空间。霍金认为宇宙是开放的、加速膨胀并永远膨胀下去。

Hawking’s space. Hawking thinks that the universe is open and it will continue to swell forever.

本文认为宇宙行为是自洽的、协变的,——使宇宙加速膨胀的力是否就是“恐怖的暗能量”,容酌。宇宙膨胀的推动力有可能来自大爆炸瞬间提供的能量。大爆炸所造成的宇宙膨胀速率以及空间物质的分布能恰到好处,能使宇宙退缩。有限的能量来推动有限的宇宙物质和空间一同膨胀,不可能形成霍氏空间。

  This article says that the action of the universe is self-consistent and covariant. Whether the impetus of universe’s expansion is “horrible dark energy needs to be verified. The impetus of universe’s expansion is from the energy of Big Bang moment. The swelling rate caused by Big Bang and the distribution of matters in the universe is proper, which makes the universe retreat. The limited energy if from both swelling of matters in the universe and space, which could not shape into Hawking’s space.

宇宙正在膨胀,每时每刻都有新空间的诞生,

The universe is expanding in every moment The birth of new space,

由于暗能量和引力之间的角力战自宇宙诞生起就没有停止过,使宇宙加速膨胀的力(此力或许就是“恐怖的暗能量”)无时不刻地撕扯着空间(由于星系、恒星和原子等也都要占有空间,因此原子等也被使宇宙加速膨胀的力撕扯),而撕扯力与引力两种力在对抗中,会消耗一些暗能量,--暗能量将转化成热量寓于新创生的空间(此处不提消耗掉了一些引力,是因为,按广义相对论,引力非力,是“时空弯曲”),这样新创生的空间就会带着热量揉合到宇宙的老空间中去。暗能量在撕碎星系、恒星、分子和原子的过程中必消耗大量的能量,因此,宇宙退缩与暗能量转化成热能有关。

Since the dark energy and gravity between the  birth of the universe has not stopped since wrestling,The force that causes (the universe to expand accelerate, which may be the "dark energy of terror”).Without intermittently tearing the space,(Because galaxies, stars and atoms also have space, so the atom And other Celestial bodies Received also the universe to accelerate the expansion of the force tear),The tear force and thegravitational of the two forces in the confrontation,will consume some dark energy-- Dark energy will be converted into heat assimilate into the new  space ,Therefore, the cosmic retreat may be related to the conversion of dark energy into heat

                     (未完,下续 http://qq405792576.blog.163.com/blog/static/132214297201384103935786/
(.to be continued http://qq405792576.blog.163.com/blog/static/132214297201384103935786/)

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